A tent is an essential gear that you need to have on a backpacking trip. Tents come in different shapes, sizes and styles.
Some accommodate only one person while others can host even more than 4 hikers. Choosing between 3 season vs. 4 season tent might be confusing especially to beginners.
On the surface, it’s easy to tell the differences between a 3 season vs 4 season tent. Four season tents are designed for use in winter, but 3 season tents aren’t.
While that seems like the biggest distinguishing factor, it’s only the tip of the iceberg. These tents come with many different features that set them apart in other ways.
Some people who think they need a four season tent may be able to make do with a three season tent and not have any problems.
Others who believe a three season tent is enough to help them camp safely may be wrong.
It’s important to understand how to make the call before you purchase a tent. A little research will keep you from getting stuck with a tent you ultimately won’t be able to use.
Let’s look into it…
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3 Season Tent
This tent is generally designed for use in spring, summer, and fall. They tend to be lightweight but still offer great protection against outside elements.
The build usually includes a mesh construction to provide ventilation.
Some include open vents that allow airflow throughout the tent while protecting you from direct wind. This helps to combat condensation build up on the inside of the tent.
The rainfly is usually lifted off the ground to let in air as well. Recent models come in ultra lightweight and thin body providing less weight.
Even the aluminum poles are thin and light while remaining sturdy enough to stand against strong winds.
Clips are commonly used to attach the poles to the tent body which speeds up the setup process. Most take the freestanding design which is easy to move around while seeking the ideal campsite placement.
The Pros and Cons of a 3 Season Tent
It’s much truer to say that the pros and cons rely more on the design of a tent itself than its rating for the seasons.
For the sake of comparison, we’ll base these pros and cons off of top rated 3 season tents.
- Most 3 season tents are very easy to convert according to the weather. The best models come with full coverage rain fly tops that can be removed. These rain fly tops will often feature small vents that promote airflow within the tent while keeping rain and condensation on the outside.
- In hotter seasons, you don’t need to use the rain fly at all. The shell of a great 3 season tent will be a combination of a high-quality taffeta, polyester, or nylon material with plenty of open areas constructed of bug-proof mesh. This will keep body heat from accumulating inside of the tent – improving the air circulation while keeping you safe from mosquitos and no-see-ums.
- The best 3 season tents should be tents you can use in almost any environment. They should be just as good for backpacking through the woods as they are for kayak camping.
- 3 season tents may be able to withstand cold weather, but most of them are ill-equipped to deal with snow. If your camping trip could involve any snow at all, you should be looking for a 4 season tent.
- They are usually lightweight.
- Easy to assemble.
- They have mesh walls or vents for ventilation.
- They don’t stand extreme conditions due to the thin construction.
4 Season Tent
As the name suggests, 4 season tents can be used in summer, spring, fall and winter.
Most backpackers use this tent for backpacking in winter and snowy places though manufacturers design them for use in all seasons.
The Pros and Cons of a 4 Season Tent
In order to truly distinguish between the pros and cons of a 4 season tent, you’ll need to look at a 4 season tent that offers maximum performance.
- Four season tents are designed to be a lot more durable than three season tents are. This doesn’t only mean that they’ll work well in the winter – it also means that they’re likely to outperform 3 season tents during severe rainstorms.
- Four season tents offer better shelter from cold weather. The rain fly on a 4 season tent is usually made of a thicker and more resilient material than the rain fly on a 3 season tent, which keeps you safer while insulating the tent a little more to trap in body heat.
- Some four season tents offer innovative construction that will allow you to strip them all the way down to bare bones. At their basic structure, they’ll work very well on a hot summer night. When bulked up, they’ll keep you safe in a light snow. This is the maximum amount of versatility you can get from a tent.
- Four season tents are made of heavier duty materials, which often makes them heavier to carry. It can be difficult to find the right 4 season tent for backpacking, especially if you’re traveling with a large backpacking group. These tents may add a lot of weight to your load.
- Has tough fabric designed to withstand heavy snowfall.
- Dome-shaped design.
- Stronger poles support the tent even under loads of snow.
- Bathtub floor and full coverage rainfly prevent leaks.
- Vestibule offers gear storage.
- Bulkier than a 3 season tent.
- Difficult to build.
Other Factors You Should Consider
4 season tents are bulkier and can weigh more than 16 pounds because they are made from thicker materials.
These tents house up to six persons but they add significant weight to a backpack. Everything else is awesome.
The thicker material ensures the tent can hold loads of snow without caving in. It also prevents users from getting wet once the snow starts to melt.
4-season tents don’t allow much ventilation like 3-season tents. Tent manufacturers usually construct them without mesh or vents that you find in 3-season tents because they want to prevent snow from sneaking inside.
The cold air from outside can also cause freezing.
The mesh-free construction of these tents ensures that heat is trapped inside while keeping cold air out. Regular backpackers usually refer to 4-season tents as “winter tents”.
While 3-season tents are easy and quick to assemble, 4-season tents have complicated procedures. It takes more than 10 minutes to set up a 4-season tent.
The good thing is once it’s assembled, you can be sure of maximum protection against the harshest elements.
Taking down the tent and packing it away is also frustrating even to experienced backpackers more so 1 person tents.
4-season tents are more expensive than 3-season tents.
Most models are costly because of the thick, weatherproof materials and it’s only sensible for manufacturers to hike the price.
They feature a dome shape design that eliminates flat tops where snow can collect. The rainfly extend close to the ground to offer all round protection.
They might also include a bathtub floor to prevent ice from seeping through.
4 season tents come with more poles which tell you why it takes time to erect the tent plus there are no mesh panels.
There are vestibules that provide a storage zone for hiking gear. You want to ensure that you don’t bring snow into the tent that can increase the relative humidity and cause ice build-up.
Some people enjoy having different kinds of tents for different kinds of trips.
If you would prefer to buy one reliable tent that can handle anything, you’re probably going to prefer a four-season tent.
You can use it wherever you go during any time of year, and there’s no reason to purchase separate gear or a new tent if some early spring rain might interfere with your trip. You’ll have everything you need.
Consider Where You Like to Camp
Four season tents will allow you to camp anywhere, but do you actually camp in a wide variety of places?
If you aren’t a winter camper and you live in a warmer climate, a 4 season tent may be a waste of money.
If you never intend to camp in the cold, there’s no use in paying more for features that won’t do you any good.
If you like to camp year round and are willing to travel to different climates for your camping trips, you’re better off spending a few extra bucks on a 4 season tent to help you stay prepared for whatever mother nature may throw in your direction.
Ideal Tent between 3 season vs. 4 season Tent
The 3 season vs 4 season tent debate has a lot of factors at play. Overall, most people would do well enough with a 3 season tent, where experienced and adventurous campers would prefer the additional security and weatherproofing that comes with a 4 season tent.
It comes down to where you plan to travel and what you want to do with the tent. In general, if you are backpacking in cold, snowy and windy environments, you’ll be fine with a 4 season tent. It will offer more strength, warmth, and flexibility.
If you’re ever unsure, it may be better to go for a 4 season tent. You’ll be slightly over-prepared, which will expand the possibilities for future camping trips.
You may not camp in the winter now, but who knows what will happen a few winters from now? It’s better to have all of your bases covered.
On the other hand, if you want to keep weight down as possible and enjoy extended trips, the 3 season tent will deliver the peace of mind.
Add a good sleeping bag and you’ll forget the need for solid walls.
Some 3 season tents may also be adequate for winter backpacking as far as you camp in moderate areas.
The bottom line; understand the conditions of where and when you are going to hike for you make an informed choice between 3 season vs. 4 season tent.